Ask the Experts
April 10, 2019
Looking for Long-term Component Storage Options
Looking for long-term (10+ years) options to store components (IC's) in dry or nitrogen environment. Can you provide some options?
Expert Panel Responses
J-STD-033D, "Handling, Packing, Shipping and Use of Moisture/Reflow Sensitive Surface Mount Devices" offers three methods. Here is a brief summary:
1) Store in a Moisture barrier bag (MMB) with Humidity indicator card (HIC), per Section 3, and checking the HIC and resealing every 12 months, baking any components whose HIC show exposure due to failed MMB.
2) Store in a dry atmosphere cabinet purged with nitrogen at <=5%RH and temperatures 25+/-5C.
3) Store in a dry atmosphere cabinet purged dry air (desiccant) <=5%RH and temperatures 25+/-5C.
All of these methods have a cost, although most agree that a desiccant (dry air) driven Dry storage cabinet (#3) has the lowest overall cost to own and operate.
Senior Project Engineer
Electronic Controls Design Inc
Paul been with Electronic Controls Design Inc. (ECD) in Milwaukie, Oregon for over 39 years as a Senior Project Engineer. He has seen and worked with the electronic manufacturing industry from many points of view, including: technician, engineer, manufacture, and customer. His focus has been the design and application of measurement tools used to improve manufacturing thermal processes and well as moisture sensitive component storage solutions.
10 years is a really long time. The main concern is deterioration of solderability. But if you do have to store, oxygen free environment, that means nitrogen environment for storage is a good option. It is better than just dry environment.
Ray Prasad Consultancy Group
Ray Prasad is the founder of Ray Prasad Consultancy Group which provides teaching, consulting and technical expert services in tin-lead and lead free technologies using SMT, BGA, BTC, fine pitch and through hole components. Mr. Prasad is a long time member of IPC, and is currently the chairman of BGA committee IPC-7095 "Design and Assembly Process Implementation for BGA" and Co-Chairman of recently created IPC-7093 "Design and Assembly Process Implementation for Bottom Terminations" surface mount Components (BTCs) such as QFN, DFN and MLF.
10 years... Wow. Are these IC's in the original tubes? Hopefully they were provided in ESD compliant products.
From moisture perspective that device need to be sealed in MVB, moisture vapor barrier bags, under a vacuum seal. The thickest possible bag available. Reality is there is no way to draw a total vacuum on earth. Best recommendation IMO is thickest MVP bag possible, Max vacuum draw with nitrogen purge & a verifying check annually. Storing in an N2 dry box for 10 years will be expensive.
Based in. Northern California since 1971. Founded JSK Associates in 1979. Actively involved in soldering, cleaning, chemistries. 30 years experience in EOS/ESD control.
Storage of components for ten years or longer is generally not a normal practice since most components are consumed on a first-in, first-out basis unless one is building end-of-life products. If the components in question are in their original sealed packaging from the component manufacturer there should not be a problem with long-term storage providing the MSL is 3 or less. If the original packaging has been opened it should be resealed in a moisture barrier bag together with a desiccant and a RH indicator card to indicate the RH remains below 5%, and they should be stored in a nitrogen dry cabinet. As a precaution you should always double check with the component manufacturer as to their recommendations for long-term storage.
Carlos Bouras is the General Manager of Nordson SELECT and has over 30 years of experience in the electronics manufacturing industry. Carlos's expertise is in process engineering, product development and manufacturing operations. For the past 15 years Carlos has focused specifically on automated assembly issues and is the holder of several US patents for non-contact dispensing and precision dispensing of adhesives for the packaging of microprocessor devices.